Eidsvold, a rural town of about 460 people, is 160 km west of Maryborough, between Mundubbera and Monto.
The Eidsvold area was explored by Thomas Archer, one of five sons of William Archer who had emigrated from Scotland to Norway in 1825. Three of the sons emigrated to Australia in the 1830s. Thomas Archer took up a pastoral run in 1848, naming it Eidsvold after the Norwegian town where the constitution of Norway was signed in 1814 and from where the Archer family had emigrated. The family's Eidsvold Homestead (1850) is listed on the Queensland heritage register.
Gold was discovered at Eidsvold in the 1850s, but significant mining only began with the rush in 1886. Within two years there was a population of 1125, plus 800 miners, with eight hotels, numerous stores, a Catholic church, a Salvation Army temple and two sawmills. Mining did not initiate a long boom, and pastoral interests grew during the 1890s. The town's population nearly halved between 1891 and 1901, and the Australian Handbook described Eidsvold in 1903:
In about 1926 a local livestock agent, Martin Snelling and Co, began regional cattle sales at Eidsvold. The saleyards covered nine acres, and their success can be measured by the throughput of 7482 animals on one day in 1932. Snelling's move was well timed, as the railway line had been extended from Mundubbera to Eidsvold in 1924, and would be further extended to Monto in 1928, linking up with the line to Rockhampton.
The Eidsvold Shire had an area of over 3000 sq miles, but in 1932 it was almost halved by the severance of a newly created Monto Shire. The reduced area had a population of about 1300 people in the early postwar years, falling to under 1000 by the end of the century. The Eidsvold township holds about half the population. It has a hospital, local shops, a showground, a picnic race club, a motel, a bowling club, a golf course, a swimming pool, a combined primary-high school and a historical society. Its census populations have been:
In 2008 Eidsvold Shire (4809 sq km) was amalgamated with five other shires to form North Burnett Regional Council.
The shire's primary agriculture industry was beef-cattle grazing.
Centenary Souvenir 1848-1948 embracing the districts of Gayndah, Mundubbera, Eidsvold and Monto, Brisbane, William Brooks, 1948
Eidsvold Goldfields, 1887-1987: centenary souvenir, Eidsvold, 1987
Jim Stewart and Shirley Taylor, Pictures from the past: a photographic history of Eidsvold Shire, Eidsvold Shire Council, 2001