Middlemount, a rural town of 2000 people, is 190 km north-west of Rockhampton. It was named after a local land form, the sole elevated point in the area.
The town dates from the early 1980s, serving as a dormitory settlement of the German Creek and Foxleigh open cut coal mines. In 2006 Anglo Coal opened the Lake Lindsay open cut coal mine, 21 km south-west of Middlemount. Designed for a population upwards of 4000, the town's maximum census figure has been 2611 (1991). Its State primary school (1980) and high school (1988) have been amalgamated.
Middlemount has a shopping centre, a hotel-motel, a community centre, a branch shire office and library, a State P-12 school (2000) and an airstrip. There are also golf, bowling and swimming facilities and a number of sports clubs have local venues.
Middlemount's census populations have been:
The median weekly income per person in 2001 was $829, exceeded only by Tieri (also a mining centre) at $922.
Frank Rolleston, The Broadsound story, Mackay, Broadside Shire Council, 1983