Pine Rivers Shire, immediately north-west of the Brisbane city municipality, had an area of 750 sq km. In 2008 it was amalgamated with Caboolture Shire and Redcliffe City to form Moreton Bay Regional Council. It took its name from the North Pine and South Pine Rivers which rise in the D'Aguilar Range, about 35 km inland. North Pine River's watershed is at Mt Samson and South Pine's is at Mt Nebo.

The area's first local government body was the Caboolture Divisional Board (1879), from which the Pine Divisional Board was severed in 1888. The Pine division was centered on the South Pine River and stopped at the North Pine River. Its hall and offices were built in Strathpine in 1889. A northwards extension of the boundary, approximating the later Pine Rivers Shire's area, occurred in 1897. Both events (1889 and 1897) acknowledged the difficulty of governing the area and undertaking basic works in the over-sized Caboolture division; severe flooding in 1893 had damaged roads and bridges. A change of title from division to shire came in 1903, and the change of name to Pine Rivers occurred in 1959. Throughout the whole time of the division and shire, their administrative centre has been Strathpine: new chambers and a larger civic centre replaced the original timber hall. The shire was served by a railway line from Ferny Grove to Dayboro (completed 1918-20), since cut back to Ferny Grove. The line, however, was operational in 1945 when the still-rural shire was described in the Australian Blue Book:

With the change of name in 1959 urban subdivisions began. Mostly they were unserviced, although a water storage on Sideling Creek, a tributary of the North Pine River, was completed in 1961. The storage (Lake Kurwongbah) was enlarged in 1966. Servicing took until the 1970s. The main suburbs and places in the shire are described under Albany Creek, Dayboro, Ferny Hills, Petrie, Samford and Strathpine. Additional places are mentioned below under further reading. The shire's census populations have been :

Census Date Population
1911 2631
1954 6309
1966 13,309
1976 45,192
1986 73,783
2001 119,761
2006 141,141
Further Reading: 

Robyn Brough et al, Tracks and time: a history of the Pine Rivers District, Strathpine, Pine Rivers Shire Council, 1988

Albany Creek, Arana Hills, Bray Park, Brendale, Bunya, Camp Mountain, Cashmere, Clear Mountain, Dakabin, Dayboro, Eatons Hill, Everton Hills, Ferny Hills, Griffin, Highvale, Joyner, Kallangur, Kurwongbah, Lawnton, Mango Hill, Mount Samson, Murrumba Downs, Petrie, Samford, Samsonvale, Strathpine and Warner entries